Just as there are many approaches to physical medicine, so are there different types of therapy. Our clients have a variety of backgrounds and needs, and we are equipped to meet them with a variety of types, or modalities, of care.
As the old adage says, “one size does not fit all.” As YOUR community mental health center, we understand that our clients have many different challenges, and we must be ready to handle a wide variety of issues. Just as there are many different approaches to physical medicine, so are there many different therapy modalities, each of which are specifically designed to treat various challenges.
At The Josselyn Center, we are experienced in many different approaches. Our clinicians regularly utilize the various therapeutic approaches. What does this mean for you? The good news is that you do not need to know the best type of treatment for you. After your assessment, we will recommend a therapist who is expert in the area that is right for you.
The Josselyn Center offers comprehensive mental health services, which go well beyond therapy. A treatment plan at Josselyn may also include the following.
- Psychiatric Services: Many people ask, “What’s the difference between a psychiatrist and a psychologist?” Psychiatrists are trained medical doctors; they can prescribe medications, and they spend much of their time with patients on medication management as a course of treatment. Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRNs) earn masters or doctoral degrees in psychiatric-mental health nursing and can also prescribe medications.
- Psychologists focus on therapy and treating clients with behavioral intervention. Some psychologists also conduct psychological testing and evaluation which consists of a series of tests that help determine the cause of psychological symptoms and disorders to determine the correct diagnosis and the follow up with the appropriate course of treatment. Psychological tests can reveal aptitudes, a learning disorder, mental health challenges, or other unique characteristics.
- Pathways to Employment (an IPS program): Many people with a mental health condition can and want to work. Satisfying employment leads to a more meaningful life for most adults, and has been shown to promote recovery for people with mental illnesses. Individual Placement and Support (also called IPS) supported employment is an evidence-based approach to help people find competitive employment that fits their preferences. Once a person finds a job, our employment specialists provides ongoing support to help our clients retain their jobs.
- Case Management is the coordination of community-based services by a clinician to provide our clients with the quality mental health care that is customized to an individual’s needs.
- Camp Neeka for children: All children should be able to enjoy summer camp. This therapeutic, six-week day camp gives children the chance to connect and thrive.
About Therapeutic Treatment Modalities
Mental health care can use a variety of therapies. These “modalities,” or types of therapy, may include:
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
“Cognitive behavioral therapy is a form of psychotherapy that treats problems and boosts happiness by modifying dysfunctional emotions, behaviors, and thoughts. Unlike traditional Freudian psychoanalysis, which probes childhood wounds to get at the root causes of conflict, CBT focuses on solutions, encouraging patients to challenge distorted cognitions and change destructive patterns of behavior. CBT is appropriate for people of all ages, including children, adolescents, and adults. Evidence has mounted that CBT can benefit numerous conditions, such as major depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, eating disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, and many others.”
Motivational Interviewing (MI)
“Motivational interviewing is a counseling method that helps people resolve ambivalent feelings and insecurities to find the internal motivation they need to change their behavior. It is a practical, empathetic, and short-term process that takes into consideration how difficult it is to make life changes. Motivational interviewing is often used to address addiction and the management of physical health conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, and asthma.”
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
“Dialectical behavior therapy provides clients with new skills to manage painful emotions and decrease conflict in relationships. DBT was originally developed to treat borderline personality disorder. However, research shows that DBT has also been used successfully to treat people experiencing depression, bulimia, binge-eating, bipolar disorder, post-traumatic-stress disorder, and substance abuse.”
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)
“EMDR is a unique, nontraditional form of psychotherapy designed to diminish negative feelings associated with memories of traumatic events. Treatment includes a hand motion technique used by the therapist to guide the client’s eye movements from side to side, similar to watching a pendulum swing. EMDR was originally developed to treat the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and phobias. Some therapists also use EMDR to treat depression, eating disorders, schizophrenia, sexual dysfunction, and stress caused by chronic disease.”
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
“ACT is an action-oriented approach to psychotherapy that stems from traditional behavior therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy. Clients learn to stop avoiding, denying, and struggling with their inner emotions and, instead, accept that these deeper feelings are appropriate responses to certain situations that should not prevent them from moving forward in their lives. ACT has been used effectively to help treat workplace stress, test anxiety, social anxiety disorder, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and psychosis. It has also been used to help treat medical conditions such as chronic pain, substance abuse, and diabetes.”
“Narrative therapy is a form of counseling that views people as separate from their problems. This allows clients to get some distance from the issue to see how it might actually be helping them, or protecting them, more than it is hurting them. Individuals, couples, and families can all benefit from narrative therapy. Those who define themselves by their problems, whose lives are dominated by such feelings as “I am a depressed person” or “I am an anxious person” can learn to see their problem as something they have but not something that identifies who they are.”
Prolonged Exposure Therapy (PET)
PET is a form of psychotherapy for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Originally developed by Edna Foa, Ph.D., PET is endorsed by both the American Psychiatric Association and the Department of Veterans Affairs and Defense. The goal of PET is to gradually help you reengage with life, especially with things you have been avoiding. By doing so, you will strengthen your ability to distinguish safety from danger and decrease your PTSD symptoms. PET is appropriate for anyone who has experienced or witnessed a traumatic event.”
Expressive Arts Therapy
“Expressive arts therapy combines psychology and the creative process to promote emotional growth and healing. This multi-arts, or intermodal, approach to psychotherapy and counseling uses our inborn desire to create—be it music, theater, poetry, dance, or other artistic form—as a therapeutic tool to help initiate change. The difference between expressive arts therapy and art therapy is that expressive arts therapy draws from a variety of art forms, while art therapy tends to be based on one particular art form. Expressive arts therapy is used with children and adults, as individuals or in groups, to nurture deep personal growth and transformation.”
“Psychodynamic therapy is similar to psychoanalytic therapy in that it is an in-depth form of talk therapy based on the theories and principles of psychoanalysis. But psychodynamic therapy is less focused on the patient-therapist relationship, because it is equally focused on the patient’s relationship with his or her external world. Psychodynamic therapy is primarily used to treat depression and other serious psychological disorders, especially in those who have lost meaning in their lives and have difficulty forming or maintaining personal relationships. Studies have found that other effective applications of psychodynamic therapy include addiction, social anxiety disorder, and eating disorders.”
Source for Therapeutic Treatment Modalities: Psychology Today